AICRP on Fruits
( AICRP - Fruits )

Plant Genetic Resources

1. Crop Improvement

Genetic resource management: The different centres of ICAR-AICRP on Fruits explored the local area for enriching the germplasm collection thereby strengthening the activities of NAGS. In addition, these centres also acted as safety duplicate sites for the germplasm of mandate crops as they are vegetative propagated (except papaya). In view of this factor, the field gene bank with safety duplicate has been considered as one of the major support for the NARS and to overcome the losses due to national calamities. Accordingly, the list of collections made during last 10 years and the collections conserved at different centres are furnished hereunder. The elimination of duplicates is started during 12th plan and it is planned to maintain the core collections in the hotspots of the mandate crops to overcome the shortage of land.

 
 
 
 
 
 

2. Varieties/hybrids identified (Released by respective states)

Citrus

Acid lime

Balaji [Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh)]

  • Pure line selection
  • Yield: 570 q/ha
  • Resistant to canker, immune to bark eruptions and moderately resistant to dry root rot (F. solani)
  • Recommended for Andra Pradesh, Telangana and Occupied in 35% area of Andra Pradesh
H:\gayathri\Devilal award info\Pics var & agrotech\balaji acid lime.jpg

PDKV Lime [Akola (Maharashtra)]

E:\Photo Gallery - Akola\Achivements\PDKV lime.jpg
  • Clone of Khagzi lime
  • Yield: 265 q/ha (35% higher yield over Vikram)
  • Best marketable quality due to the round shape, maximum fruit weight, thin peel and luster on peel
  • Recommended for Maharashtra

 

Phule- Sharbati [Rahuri (Maharashtra)]

  • Seedling selection from natural clonal population of acid lime orchards from Pune district
  • Yield: 450-500 q/ha
  • High summer cropping (25.42 %)
  • High juice content (52.52 %) over check (48.05% in Sai Sharbati)
  • The variety Phule Sharbati recorded yield increase of 11.3% over cv. Sai Sharbati at Rahuri
  • Recommended for Maharashtra

 

Sweet orange

Phule-mosambi [Rahuri (Maharashtra)]

  • Clonal selection from Nucellar Mosambi
  • Yield: 180-200 q/ha
  • High juice content (47.37%) with lower acidity (0.40 %) and high TSS (9.66oB)
  • Recommended for Maharashtra

Grapes

ARI- 516 [Pune (Maharashtra)/Ludhiana (Punjab)]

  • Developed by crossing Catawba X Beauty Seedless
  • Yield: 248 q/ha
  • Berries are tolerant to rain and have less infection of anthracnose and powdery mildew
  • Having pleasant aroma and high juice recovery (70%), suitable for processing with TSS-180 B and acidity-0.4-0.5%
  • Recommended for Ludhiana (Punjab)
grapes
ARI-516 grapes hybrid

(Table variety of grape for juice purpose)

Mango

Pant Chandra [Pantnagar (Uttarakhand)]

  • Clonal Selection
  • Yield: 120 q/ha
  • Fruit colour at maturity remains green
  • Mid-season variety yielding 150 kg/tree having fruit weight of 15 g with TSS-180 B
  • Adopted to hilly or valley areas of Uttarakhand

Suvarna [Vengurle (Maharashtra)]

  • Parentage: Alphonso X Neelum Yield: 72-75 q/ha
  • Cluster bearing and large fruits (284 g) over Alphonso (250 g) as check which is single bearer, medium size fruits (250 g)
  • High TSS of 22.50B and low acidity of 0.24% and suitable for table purpose over Alphonso as check (TSS of 210B and acidity of 0.3%)
  • Recommended for Maharashtra
H:\gayathri\Devilal award info\Pics var & agrotech\Ripe fruits of Suvarna.jpg

Papaya

CO-8 [Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)]

Co 8 pic_6

Sapota

PKM-1 [Periyakulam (Tamil Nadu)]

  • Compact tree canopy
  • Suitable for high density planting
  • High yielder (100.4 kg/tree/year; 20.08 t/ha)
  • Spindle shaped fruits in clusters
  • Attractive pulp with honey brown colour
\\129.200.8.196\pnp-pc\1.F Drive\1. New HD 2016-17\5. Reports\Web details\Varieties and hybrids photos\PKM 1.jpg

PKM-4 [Periyakulam (Tamil Nadu)]

  • Open pollinated seedling selection from the seedling progeny of PKM-1
  • Yield: 175 q/ha
  • Suitable for high density planting
  • Spindle shaped fruits in cluster, attractive pulp with honey brown colour
  • Compact tree canopy
  • Recommended for Tamil Nadu
\\129.200.8.196\pnp-pc\1.F Drive\1. New HD 2016-17\5. Reports\Web details\Varieties and hybrids photos\PKM 4.jpg

PKM(Sa)-5 [Periyakulam (Tamil Nadu)]

  • Selection from open pollinated seedlings of Virudhunagar local
  • Yield: 180-200 q/ha [25% higher yield over check (PKM-1)]
  • Tree is cluster bearing (3.0/cluster), oval shaped fruits with coppery brown flesh
  • Rich in proline content and is suitable for vertisol and drought area
  • Recommended for Tamil Nadu
H:\gayathri\Devilal award info\Achievements\Centre report\Periyakulam\PKM 5.JPG

2.1 Varieties/hybrids identified

Banana

H-531 [Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)]

  • Hybrid is akin to cv. Poovan
  • Resistant to nematode & Fusarium wilt
  • Resembles Poovan of Tamil Nadu
  • Yield 13-15 kg/bunch

Kovvur Bonth Selection [Kovvur (Andhra Pradesh)]

  • High yielding cooking type
  • Superior to local cooking types
  • 35 kg/bunch
  • Exotic introductions like FHIA-1, FHIA-3, FHIA-23, FHIA-25, SH-3640, and TMB x 5295-1 were identified for high productivity and resistance to Eumusae (Sigatoka) leaf spot.

Mango

Dashehari-35

  • Among the superior mango clones, Dashehari-35 continues to be superior in terms of yield at Rewa (71.63 kg/tree as against 44.5 kg/tree in control in 9-year-old tree) and Sabour (10 kg/tree as against 6.9 kg/tree in 7-year-old tree)