AICRP on GOAT
(AICRP-Goat)

Activities

Technical Program (Activities 2020-25) Technical Program (Field Units):

  1. Identification of key goat families in a village and forming a group of such farmers in a cluster. Identification of 5-10 clusters in each unit; and each cluster should have atleast 200 breedable does. SC and ST farmers having goats should be given priority for registration.
  2. Each Unit will survey, identify and map the breeding tract of the respective breed.
  3. Production system characterization will be undertaken which will include information on production and management practices, population trends, feeding system, disease pattern and socio-economic condition.
  4. The breeds like Marwari, Gaddi, Osmanabadi, Ganjam, Sirohi, Black Bengal are well distributed in their natural habitat. Breeds like Malabari, Surti, Beetal, Pantja have low density in their natural habitat.
  5. Identification of 10 producer group should be carried out in the breeding tract. Producer group may be identified for rearing and selection of bucks in the habitat with all inputs such as breeding bucks, nutritional supplement, vaccination and deworming, insurance and identification. The recording of performa should be carried out daily basis on production, reproduction and health aspects. Multiplier flock should be developed in these locations.
  6. The producer group should meet monthly along with PI and project workers to decide different aspects of technical programme implementation and working strategy.
  7. Recording of body weights from birth to 12 month of age at 3 months interval will be carried out.
  8. Recording of dam’s milk yield should be carried out in 15 days interval.
  9. Multiple born kids will be preferred over single born kids in the selection of future bucks.
  10. The improvement of body weight, milk yield and reproductive performances of the progeny will be estimated over the years/generation
  11. Estimation of genetic and phenotypic parameters of economic traits and correlated response in other associated traits.
  12. Analysis of adaptation parameter and behavioral analysis.
  13. For first stage selection, male kids born from genetically superior does will be identified at weaning (3 month of age). Each year 100-500 selected kids will be purchased for future buck production and will be preferably reared till the age of final selection either with the help of producer group of the adopted area on cost /benefit sharing basis or at nucleus farm of AICRP Unit. AICRP centers will have to evolve suitable mechanism to rear such kids till the age of final selection
  14. Production of approximately 500 superior bucks for breed improvement.
  15. Record and discuss selection criteria/practices followed by farmers/buck owners.
  16. Semen of selected bucks from each collaborating unit will be collected and preserved at institute to promote ex- situ conservation of the breed.
  17. The bucks required for distribution in adopted areas will be given for a minimal book value to registered farmers while others can be sold to other agencies involved in goat improvement for breed improvement. After two to three breeding seasons, bucks will be either rotated amongst clusters to avoid inbreeding or sold outside of adopted area for breed improvement.
  18. For Second stage selection of males and females will be selected on the basis of 6/9 month body weight, the milk yield of the dam at 60 or 90 days.
  19. Organization of workshop in goat production, value addition, marketing and other related activities for all stakeholders. Awareness programme, gosthi meeting and training programmes will be conducted.
  20. Complete feed development may be demonstrated to farmers basing on local feed fodder resources. Formulate location specific nutritional package for goats.
  21. DNA repository of improved males and females. (DNA isolation will be carried out by CIRG after collecting samples from each unit and DNA repository bank will be established at PC Unit)
  22. Milk casein genotyping of improved bucks and high yielding females (Genotyping will be carried out by CIRG after collecting samples from each unit).
  23. Capacity Building of community goat keepers (approx. 500 per year) with exposure visit (5 per year). Capacity building of all participating farmers, stakeholders and extension workers. Efforts will be made to form goat breeder/ cooperative societies/ self-help groups.
  24. The animals for performance studies would be selected from farmer’s flock under existing transhumance (migratory) system. For this, about 450 animals from three centers/ migratory routes in different areas from different flocks would be selected and reared under existing management system in collaboration with the farmers.
  25. Based on disease profile units will prepare Annual Prophylactic Health Calendar to prevent morbidity and mortality. Necessary vaccines/drugs will be purchased from project fund.
  26. Targeted deworming of goats is to be carried out during the year. The FAMACHA method need to be standardized in their environment to assess the degree of anemia and only those animals with scores >3 should be dewormed. The dewormer should be changed every year for anthelmintic resistance.
  27. Organize animal competitions with wide publicity to identify outstanding animals from a larger area. A competition to be held to identify superior male and female by organizing a competition with suitable prize.
  28. Local butchers/aggregators should be called for small workshop on hygienic meat production and to know the market trends, market age and consumer preference.
  29. Annual growth in body weight and milk yield as applicable by 1-1.5 %.
  30. Identification of animal and providing insurance cover to females above six months.
  1. All the above activities will be continued.
  2. Effort must be made to collaborate with major government programme such as MGNREGA, National Livestock Mission and National Nutritional Mission. Producer group can work towards development of wasteland for fodder development.
  3. The animals should be selected based on breed characteristics, anatomical evaluation (best conformation) and production performance. Define the breed description and anatomical evaluation for best body conformation to farmers and all workers.
  4. The selection should be based on selected population mean, population mean and progeny mean.
  5. Community breeding programme with participation of producer group should be initiated.
  6. Flock productivity and doe productivity should be calculated to compare the cluster performance.
  7. Format for data recording provided by project coordinator unit should be used by all the units.
  8. The Feed Assessment Tool (FAST), ILRI may be used to select the feed intervention at community level.
  9. Distribution of farmer’s centric input should be provided (shoe, rain coat and mosquito repellent etc.).
  10. Efforts will be made to form goat breeder’s society’s cooperative societies and to register the goat flocks in the breeding tract of the respective breeds.
  11. Tribal village should be identified and tribal farmers should be provided skill and incentive to start goat farming.
  12. Deworming of goats is to be generally carried out at the end of the monsoon. The FAMACHA method need to be standardized in their environment to assess the degree of anemia and only those animals with scores >3 should be dewormed. Additionally, the dewormer should be changed every year to avoid development of anthelmintic resistance.
  1. All the above activities will be continued.
  2. Develop a model farmer demonstration unit in each cluster.
  3. Create a data base of owners of superior animals and make it available to relevant State govt. authorities so that they can purchase bucks from them on preference for distribution under government schemes.
  4. SHG/Cooperative society of goat rearers should be formed.
  5. Establishment of market linkages with help of NGOs
  1. All the above activities will be continued.

All the above activities will be continued

Technical Program (Farm Units)

  1. Each unit will maintain minimum of 300 breedable does and 20 bucks under semi-intensive system of management.
  2. Selection of males and females will be made on the basis of 9 months body weight of the kid and 90 days lactation yield will also be considered.
  3. Second stage selection of females on the basis of type of kidding and first lactation milk yield. The selection criteria should be based on population mean, progeny mean, etc.
  4. Important production data like body weight at different age group (3, 6, 9 and 12 months), milk yield, kidding weight, age and weight at first kidding to be recorded.
  5. Culling on production ground will be done on the basis of selection criteria adopted for selection of the does.
  6. Morbidity and mortality pattern will be monitored and documented.
  7. Selected superior sires will be maintained as the elite germplasm and 500 doses of semen of each elite buck will be stored in the Semen Bank.
  8. Each unit will select two to three KVKs with help of Zonal Coordinator, preferably in home tract of the breed and distribute approximately 20 sires each year, free of cost, for improving the production of goats in the farmers’ flocks. Technical programme for Field Units will be followed in collaboration with KVKS for improving farmers flock and analyzing the impact.
  9. Semen of bucks will be tested for quality before use for breeding.
  10. Economics of goat rearing will be analysed.
  11. Feed lot experiments need to be carried out.
  12. Superior goats will be provided to farmers and appropriate agencies for breed improvement.
  13. Specific male and female lines should be developed for growth and milk yield.
  14. Multiplier flock should be developed with farmer’s participation.
  1. Recording of data on growth, milk production and reproductive performance.
  2. Selection of young bucks based on 90 days milk yield of the dam and 9 month body weight. Carcass evaluation will be done at 9-12 months of age.
  3. The flock will be divided into 15 groups randomly with 20 breedable does in each group.
  4. Bucks evaluated in previous year will be mated with the group of does.
  5. Organisation of laboratory and other facilities to carry out molecular and gene marker studies.
  6. Evaluation of Semen quality of each buck and establishment of semen bank.
  7. Distribution of improved germplasm after one year of age.
  8. Deworming of goats is to be generally carried out at the end of the monsoon. The FAMACHA method need to be standardized in their environment to assess the degree of anemia and only those animals with scores >3 should be dewormed. Additionally, the dewormer should be changed every year to avoid development of anthelmintic resistance.
  1. All the above activities will be continued
  2. Ranking of bucks on the basis of their breeding values.
  3. Distribution of elite bucks to field flocks.
  1. All the above activities will be continued
  2. Collection of blood samples and analysis of samples for gene marker studies.
  3. Conservation of semen of elite bucks.
  1. All the above activities will be continued
  2. Estimation of inbreeding in the flock and computation of genetic progress.
  1. All the above activities will be continued
  2. The breeding value of the sires will be estimated and genetic trends will be determined.
  3. Analysis of the data generated in the project.
  4. Interpretation and compilation of results.
  5. Final recommendations for improving the meat and milk production.