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All India Coordinated Research Project on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants and Betelvine

Merging of AICRP MAP and AICRP Betelvine

In the XI Plan, ICAR took a decision to merge AICRP-MAP and AICRP on Betelvine projects into one AICRP giving the name AICRP on Medicinal & Aromatic Plants and Betelvine to integrate the working of these two projects for the purpose of ease in monitoring. This gave a new dimension of Betelvine in integrating with the Indian System of Medicine (ISM) and the project was renamed as AICRP MAP&B. The Project Coordinator (MAP) and Project Coordinator (Betelvine) were merged with the post of Director, DMAPR, thus giving him the duty and responsibility of running the directorate as well as the combined AICRP centres. In the XIIth  Plan, CAU, Pasighat centre was added. As a result, the AICRP on MAP and Betelvine has now 23 centres which are coordinated from the ICAR-Directorate of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research, Anand. Recently, three voluntary centres viz., Agricultural University (AU), Jodhpur; Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology (SKUAST), Kashmir and Banda University of Agriculture and Technology (BUAT), Banda were added. At present AICRP MAP&B has 23 regular centres and three voluntary centres with a sanctioned posts of 176, including 62 scientific, 57 technical,15 administrative and 42 supporting staff.

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map are preparations of living microorganisms that are useful for promotion of plant growth and soil health through a variety of mechanisms like biological nitrogen fixation, solubilization of insoluble phosphates and other nutrients, production of growth hormones and combating plant diseases. These include specific strains of bacteria, fungi and blue-green algae.    By using map farmers have most commonly reported earlier seed germination, more greenness, greater tillering and healthy crop stand. map are attractive as a supplement as well as a compliment to chemical fertilizers as they are applied in small quantities, are cheap and when used along with small doses of organic manures and reduced dose of chemical fertilizers, give synergistic benefits on productivity, nutrient use efficiency, crop quality, soil health and disease suppression.

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Institutional Varietal Release:

Apart from above mentioned entries, different centres have identified varieties at state level also. AAU, Anand identified three varieties viz. Gujarat Anand Senna 1, Gujarat Anand Basil 1 and Gujarat Anand Aloe 1, RVSKVV, Mandsaur has identified Raj Vijay Safed Musli 412, and KAU, Trichur centre identified variety Aswani of Asoka and Swathi of Lal Chitrak.

  • The superior lines in the advanced stage of testing include, IWS32 and HWS8-18 in Ashwagandha. DTPO6-6 and DPO248 of Isabgol are likely to be identified at the national level in ensuing years under AICRP-MAP&B.
  • Inter-varietal and inter-specific hybrids were produced in Betelvine will have yield advantage over locals besides disease and insect pest resistance.

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