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AICRP on Seed

Thrust Area

Thrust areas in Breeder Seed Production

  • Production of adequate quantities of breeder seed as per national requirement.
  • Quality maintenance of nucleus and breeder seeds by employing dynamic maintenance breeding and rapid genetic purity testing tools.
  • Identification of suitable provenance for offseason seed production to compensate the effects of changing climate.
  • Networking for development of national database of DNA profiles for varietal identification.
  • Effectively ensure and monitor generation system of seed multiplication at national level through bar code and QR coding module.
  • Harnessing the potential of rice fallows for seed production of oilseed and pulses.
  • Identification of suitable seed provenance for institution of ‘National Seed Reserves’, with special emphasis on soybean in states of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. 

Thrust areas in Seed Technology Research

  1. Seed production and certification
    • Identification of suitable alternative areas/ provenances for seed production in a bid to counter the effects of climate change.
    • Development and optimization of climate-resilient seed production technology.
    • Harmonization of seed standards in tune with the needs of global seed certification standards.
    • Optimization of micro-nutrients and growth regulators in relation to reproductive behavior to augment the seed yield.
    • Developing alternative methods (self-incompatibility & apomixes systems) for hybrid seed production in a bid to exploit heterosis.
    • Development of seed production packages and seed certification standards for underutilized crops.
    • To explore upon new planting methodologies/ geometries in a bid to optimize seed rate in tune to the realization of higher seed yields (revisiting SMRs).
  2. Seed physiology, testing, and storage
    • Validation/up-gradation of field and seed standards/protocols, isolation distance, sample size, physical purity and ODV’s in varied crops.
    • Standardization of seed testing procedures in field, vegetable, medicinal and green manure crops.
    • Standardization of DNA finger printing/molecular markers tools to supplement GOT.
    • Use of second and third generation tools for seed quality enhancement.
    • Identification of seed vigour traits as a sensitive measure of seed quality in major crops.
    • Identification of suitable seed treatments / materials / methods for safe storage of seed.
  3. Seed pathology
    • Identification of disease free zones for quality seed production.
    • Development of rapid and reliable techniques for detection, identification and screening of seed materials for different seed borne diseases.
    • Development of integrated strategies for management of seed borne diseases.
    • Development of field and seed standards for seed borne diseases and strengthening of work on biological control of seed borne diseases.
    • Revisiting of field and seed standards for seed-borne diseases.
    • Monitoring, detection, and management of new seed borne diseases.
  4. Seed entomology
    • Pest risk analysis for efficient management of insect pests under seed storage.
    • Evaluation of new insecticide molecules for management of storage insects.
    • Development of integrated management strategies for management of storage insects.
    • Management of insect pollinators for increasing pollination efficiency and seed set.
    • Determining the efficacy of novel packaging material with new chemistry for management of storage insects.
  5. Seed processing
    • Standardization of grading sieve sizes (top & bottom sieves) and processing methodologies for new crop varieties/ parental lines.
    • Bringing mechanization in seed production to march towards precision farming.