Fixation of MRLs-FAO-WHO-CODEX (CXLs)
India is the largest exporter of spices in the world and face frequent rejection of spices due to trace level of pesticide residues as there are very few MRLs at Codex level. In order to facilitate the smooth export of spices, pesticide residue monitoring data were generated under the DAC&FW sponsored Central Sector Scheme, “Monitoring of Pesticide Residues at National Level”, during 2007-2012. India submitted its monitoring data to FAO/WHO Joint Meeting of Pesticide Residue (JMPR). Subsequently the residue data generated during 2007-12 were submitted to JMPR for risk assessment and MRL fixation. Based on the data submitted to the FAO/WHO JMPR in 2014-15 (Ref: Report 2015, FAO Plant Production And Protection Paper 223, Pesticide residues in food, In: Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues, Pg. 335-338), the CCPR established Codex MRLs (CXLs) for the following 18 pesticide-spice combinations and adopted in the 49th session of the FAO/WHO/Codex Committee on Pesticide Residue (CCPR) held in 2017. This has facilitated the smooth export of spices from India and thus increased the farmer income secured foreign exchange for the country.