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All India Network Project on Pesticide Residues
(AINP-PR)

Project Coordinator’s message

pesticide

Crop protection chemicals are an integral component of agriculture as they play a key role in protecting the crop and produce from pests and increasing the farm productivity. However, their non-judicious use has resulted in undesirable residues in food, feed, soil and water. Pesticides in India are registered under the Insecticide Act, 1968, and pesticide residue in food commodities are regulated through the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006. Due to inconsistencies in agricultural practices, analysis and work plans, the residue data results often are not consistent and therefore the need was felt to harmonize the work on pesticide residues in the country. Accordingly, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) initiated All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) on Pesticide Residues in 1984-85. It was later re-designated as the All India Network Project on Pesticide Residues (AINP-PR). The Project Coordinating Cell is located at ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi and presently there are 18 coordinated centres, out of which 14 of the are accredited by the National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration of Laboratories (NABL) in the field of chemical testing as per ISO/IEC 17025. The mandate of the project is to organize, promote, co-ordinate and conduct location-specific research at national levels on analysis of pesticide residues in food commodities, soil and in water for ensuring food safety and security. The project is also the nodal agency for implementation of the Department of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare (DA&FW) sponsored Central Sector Scheme, ‘Monitoring of Pesticide Residues at National Level’ (MPRNL) since 2005-06.

 

The residue data is submitted to Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) for dietary risk assessment as per OECD Guidelines and fixation of national MRLs to protect the health of the consumers. It is also shared with Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)/ World Health Organization (WHO)/Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues (CCPR) for setting Codex MRLs (CXLs) at international level to ensure fair international trade. AINP-PR is actively involved in developing policy guidance documents and discussion papers on certified reference materials, low public health pesticides, unsupported pesticides, methods of analysis at the international level; and for field persistence, crop grouping etc. at national level. AINP-PR brought out a very popular first edition of the Pesticide Residue Analysis Manual in 2007 which received enormous success and later resulted in the revised edition in 2013. In the Public-private partnership (PPP) mode, AINP-PR takes up industry sponsored trials for generation of pesticide residue data on existing and new molecules/formulations. As a part of human resource and skill development initiative, AINP-PR conducts refresher training programmes on pesticide residue analysis for project scientists and other researchers from across the country. Awareness is created about safe use of pesticides among the farmers and the general public through participation in Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), Krishi Vigyan Melas, Mera Gaon Mera Gaurav (MGMG) and the media.

 

I wish to thank Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra, Secretary (DARE) and DG (ICAR), Dr. T.R. Sharma, DDG (Crop Science), Dr. A.K. Singh, Director ICAR-IARI, and Dr. S.C. Dubey, ADG (PP&B) for their guidance and support. I am also grateful to all the scientists and staff members associated with the project from across the country for their valuable contribution to the project. I hope information on pesticide residues made available in the project website will be of immense help to the researchers, pesticide industry, testing laboratories, regulatory authorities, policy planners, and above all the farmers’ community.

Vandana Tripathy

Network Coordinator

AINP on Pesticide Residues

ICAR-IARI, New Delhi ​