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AICRP on Plastic Engineering in Agriculture Structures & Environment Management
(AICRP-PEASEM)

Salient Achievements

Technologies developed under AICRP on PET for development of National Technology Data Bank.

Sl. No.

Item

Details

1.

Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)

Portable FRP Carp Hatchery Technology

2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

One complete unit consists of (i) Breeding/ spawning pool ( 2.15 m diameter, 0.9 m height, 1:22 bottom slope and 3409 lit. total capacity with operation capacity 2950 lit.), (ii) Hatching/ incubation pool ( 1.4 m diameter, 0.98 m height, 1,400 lit. total volume and 1,200 lit. net egg incubation volume with a FRP inner chamber of 0.4 m diameter and 90 cm height covered with nylon bolting cloth to filter the excess water to the drain), (iii) Egg/ spawn collection chamber (size of 1.0 ´ 0.5 ´ 0.5 m with water holding capacity 250 lit.), and (iv) Overhead storage tank/ water supply lines. Installed at 27 locations around 350 units through various government agencies. Included in blue revolution of North east India

3.

Performance results

It is suitable for small scale breeding with production capacity of 1.0-1.2 million spawn of Asiatic carps in one operation. Its efficiency is above 85%.

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

One unit (excluding overhead tank) costs Rs 99,375/=. Net income from the hatchery in one monsoon season (20 cycles of operation) is Rs 44,500/=.

5.

Photograph(s)

Portable FRP Carp Hatchery

6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr. B. C. Mohapatra, PI AICRP on PET

Tel. No. 0674-2465446  Ext.410; 09437229487 (M)

 Fax: 0674-2465407E- mail: cifapet@gmail.com

Sl. No.ItemDetails
1.Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)FRP Automatic Fish Feeder
2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

The FRP feed dispenser of 10 kg capacity (pellet feed of 2.5 mm diameter and specific gravity 0.77) consists of four major components viz., feed hopper, hopper lid, housing box and floating buoy. An additional EM 2000 interval timer delay relay is used with 15 min– 24 hr relay, if small quantity of feed is needed per activation cycle The system has the power supply through 24 V battery charged by PV panels.
3.Performance resultsPowdered feed can be delivered 28-905 g at time settings of 5-15 sec. with  2.2-11.3% error, whereas, pellets of 2.5 and 3.0 mm can be delivered at the rate of 993-2491 g/cycle and 1393-4284 g/cycle with 5.6-39.5 % and 3.5-80.5 % error at 5-15 sec. respectively.
4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

Cost of FRP automatic fish feeder is Rs 42,000.

Cost of feeder with stand is Rs 65,000 approx.

5.Photograph(s)CIFA-Auto Feeder
6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr. B. C. Mohapatra, PI AICRP on PET

Tel. No. 0674-2465446  Ext.410; 09437229487 (M)

Fax: 0674-2465407E- mail: cifapet@gmail.com

Sl. No.

Item

Details

1.

Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)

FRP Demand Fish Feeder

2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

FRP demand fish feeder has main components of 30 lit. capacity feed hopper and activated mechanism. The activating mechanism includes steel baitrod, feed platform, feed protecting cover and pendulum or feeding tray in case of sinking feed The gap (distance) between the feed platform and the end of the hopper cone is adjusted as per the size of the pellet feed.

3.

Performance results

The growth rates of fish are 10-15% higher in the demand feeding cisterns/ tanks with feeders than the hand feeding tanks. The designed feeder can hold 10 kg feed, which is sufficient to feed 500 kg fish if fed @ 2% of their body weight per day.

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

The fabrication cost of a feeder of 10 kg feed holding capacity is about Rs. 3,100 or US $ 69.

5.

Photograph(s)

C:\Users\Dr.B.C.MOHAPATRA\Desktop\DSC02326.JPG

6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr. B. C. Mohapatra, PI AICRP on PET

Tel. No. 0674-2465446  Ext.410; 09437229487 (M)

 Fax: 0674-2465407E- mail: cifapet@gmail.com

Sl. No.ItemDetails
1.Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)Strawberry cultivation with plastic mulch in semi-arid region to improve soil microclimate and runner propagation.
2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

Strawberry runners transplanted on raised bed with spacing of 25×25 cm. After 15-30 days or at development stage, these plants mulched with 25 µ black polythene and micro sprinkler will be replaced by drip system. Use of low plastic tunnel over bed during winter (mid of November to end of February). The weed intensity was reduced with use of black polythene mulch as compared to transparent mulch and control.

Black polythene (25µ) is recommended for mulching in strawberry.

After harvesting of fruits, strawberry plants were transplanted in shade net house during summer for runner propagation. Each plant will produced 7-8 runners and these runners are again used for the next season. Thus, farmers will get income through sale of runners and strawberry fruits.

3.Performance results

The average yield of strawberry (Cv. Chandler) 275 g/plant was recorded with black plastic mulch during the study.

Dehydrogenase enzyme activities were found highest in black polythene (25µ) mulched plots.

Soil available organic matter, available nitrogen, phosphorus was found significantly increased under black polythene and jute mulched plots.

Soil bacterial and fungal population was also found increased under black mulching.

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

The initially the cost of drip system, runners. Then running cost will be of plastic mulching.
5.Photograph(s)C:\Users\Dell\Documents\My Documents\Nangare\APA\Projects\Shadenet project\shadenet photo\Project Photo\28.2.11\DSCN1509.JPG
6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr. S. Kale, PI

Division of Horticultural Crop Processing,CIPHET

MaloutHanumangarh bye pass, Abohar, Punjab

Ph. 01634-224024 Fax: 01634-225313

E-mail: petciphetabohar@gmail.com

Sl. No.ItemDetails
1.Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)Low Cost Bamboo Frame Polyhouse Technology for Terraced Beds in Hills
2

Specifications

and salient technical features

Cladding is done using 200 micron UV stabilized polythene film. The basic structure is made by using a net of split bamboos with grid size of 9 x 12 inch. The provision for natural ventilation to avoid excessive heating has also been kept by providing two openings of the size 1.0 x 2.0 m each in each side of the two opposite sides of polyhouse.
3.Performance resultsThe construction of poly house on the terrace led to increase in cultivable area by 19 % in form of risers which can be utilized for creeper vegetables. Out of four cropping sequence tried in the polyhouse, capsicum-tomato-carrot-lettuce fetched highest return of Rs. 97.89 /m2 of land.  Mostly cropping sequence with three crops is in practice which gave monitory benefit from per m2 land as Rs 72.34.
4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

The cost of construction of low-cost polyhouseis worked out as Rs 133.25 per m2 of floor area (as per 2006 rates) with 5-6 years of life.
5.Photograph(s)
6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr. Bira Sethy

ICAR-ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya- 793 103Ph. No.: 0364 2570276Fax: 0364 2570213

Email petagri0503umiam@gmail.com

Sl. No.ItemDetails
1.Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)Energy Efficient Greenhouse Cooling Strategy for Hot & Humid Climate
2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

Five treatments namely without ventilation (WV), natural ventilation (NV), fogging with natural ventilation (FNV), fogging with fan ventilation (FFV) and Fan-pad ventilation (FPV) were taken up during January to June months for three years. 50% shading was applied during the months of April to June to study the combined effect of cooling methods with & without shading. The above treatments were carried out in a locally constructed pipe framed greenhouse structure size 40’(L)x16’(W) consisting (1) two vents each of 3.0 m X 1.5 m (10’ X 5’) size provided on northern side of arc roof providing total 16 % ventilation of floor area. (2) VFD connected 1.0 HP three phase electric motor operated 6 blades, 90 cm (36”) diameter propeller type locally fabricated exhaust fan having maximum 7250 cfm (207 m3/min) and 1.25-air exchange per minute ventilation rate (3) Low cost locally available excelsior type cooling pad with face area of 7.5 Sq. m (16’ X 5’)  and 50 mm thickness prepared by sandwiching between wire mesh of 25 mm X 25 mm size and 0.25 hpmonoblock water pump for spraying water on the cooling pad. (4) 6 numbers of foggers each having 4 nozzles in all directions installed at distance of 2.25 m from each other in three 16 mm PVC lateral pipes running along width of greenhouse.
3.Performance resultsAbout 45 % energy can be saved as compare to fan-pad type greenhouse (1000 m2 fan-pad type greenhouse may need about 25000 to 30000 kwh/annum)
4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

The total cost of polyhouse construction worked out to be Rs. 850/m2 (with minimum floor area 1000 m2).
5.Photograph(s)
6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr. R. M. Satasiya

Department of RE & RE, CAET,

JAU, Junagadh – 362 001 (Gujarat), India

Ph. No.:0285-2671018/2672080 ext. 465 & 393,Fax:0285-2671018 Email : apajnd@jau.in

Sl. No.ItemDetails
1.Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)Reduction of transportation losses for delicate fruits and vegetables (sapota and tomato)
2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

Specifications and salient technical features:

A foldable plastic box with cells was designed and developed with the help of Nilkamal Limited, Rajkot.

Size : 390×325×245 mm (0.031 m³)  Thickness of sheet : 3.5 mm

Weight:1.480 kg, Capacity:10 kg

Material: Poly propylene (650 g/m2)

Number of cells per layer: 30, No. of layers per box: 4

Total No. of cells per box: 120, Size of cell : 60×60×55 mm

Collapsed dimensions:725×585×30 mm (0.013 m³)

Perforation : 0.90% (5 mm holes)

3.Performance results

Capacity of the box: 10 kgLosses: transportation losses limits up to 2-2.55% for sapota and tomato

NHRD award technology (2014) and patent filled in 2014

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

  425 per box of 10 kg
5.Photograph(s)
6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr. R. M. Satasiya

Department of RE & RE, CAET,

JAU, Junagadh – 362 001 (Gujarat), India

Ph. No.:0285-2671018/2672080 ext. 465 & 393,Fax:0285-2671018 Email : apajnd@jau.in

Sl. No.ItemDetails
1.Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)Energy Efficient Greenhouse Cooling Strategy for Hot & Humid Climate
2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

Five treatments namely without ventilation (WV), natural ventilation (NV), fogging with natural ventilation (FNV), fogging with fan ventilation (FFV) and Fan-pad ventilation (FPV) were taken up during January to June months for three years. 50% shading was applied during the months of April to June to study the combined effect of cooling methods with & without shading. The above treatments were carried out in a locally constructed pipe framed greenhouse structure size 40’(L)x16’(W) consisting (1) two vents each of 3.0 m X 1.5 m (10’ X 5’) size provided on northern side of arc roof providing total 16 % ventilation of floor area. (2) VFD connected 1.0 HP three phase electric motor operated 6 blades, 90 cm (36”) diameter propeller type locally fabricated exhaust fan having maximum 7250 cfm (207 m3/min) and 1.25-air exchange per minute ventilation rate (3) Low cost locally available excelsior type cooling pad with face area of 7.5 Sq. m (16’ X 5’)  and 50 mm thickness prepared by sandwiching between wire mesh of 25 mm X 25 mm size and 0.25 hpmonoblock water pump for spraying water on the cooling pad. (4) 6 numbers of foggers each having 4 nozzles in all directions installed at distance of 2.25 m from each other in three 16 mm PVC lateral pipes running along width of greenhouse.
3.Performance resultsAbout 45 % energy can be saved as compare to fan-pad type greenhouse (1000 m2 fan-pad type greenhouse may need about 25000 to 30000 kwh/annum)
4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

The total cost of polyhouse construction worked out to be Rs. 850/m2 (with minimum floor area 1000 m2).
5.Photograph(s) 
6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr. R. M. Satasiya

Department of RE & RE, CAET,

JAU, Junagadh – 362 001 (Gujarat), India

Ph. No.:0285-2671018/2672080 ext. 465 & 393,Fax:0285-2671018 Email : apajnd@jau.in

Sl. No.ItemDetails
1.Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)Portable low cost solar multi-tier poly tunnel dryer for fruits and vegetables
2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

Solar poly tunnel dryer (SPTD) (size: 1.5m x 0.67m and height 0.55 m) was designed and fabricated for drying fruits and vegetables. It consisted of drying chamber, drying trays and two chimneys (with fan to remove air). It has two trays: Upper and lower tray. Drier is portable and movable and could be placed in a sunny location.  The principle of operation is the greenhouse effect observed in the process. The maximum temperature inside was observed to be 59.5 oC (for upper tray) & 47.6 oC (for lower tray) in loaded drier and 61.8 oC (for upper tray) & 58.9 oC (for lower tray) in unloaded drier. The relative humidity (RH) inside the SPTD varied between 18 and 74% as compared to outside RH, which ranged from 52 to 73%. This resulted in efficient drying leading at lower RH. Thermal performance test for SPTD under full load and no load testing conditions were calculated and temperature inside the drier was 80 and 74% higher than ambient conditions, respectively. SPTD was helpful in decreasing the time taken for dehydration by 50-70%.

The process is safe and user friendly. It can be easily operated by anyone.

3.Performance resultsThe capacity of the Solar poly tunnel drier with two trays             was 4-6 kg/batch.
4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

Initial investment is about Rs. 3500/- and the operating cost is negligible as it uses solar energy (renewable source) for its operation and just 6 volt battery to operate the exhaust fan as and when needed.
5.Photograph(s)
6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Rohitashw Kumar

Professor, College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology

SKUAST- Kashmir

Srinagar (J&K)-190025

phone no +919419005201

Email : petskuastk@gmail.com

Sl. No.

Item

Details

1.

Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)

Plastic (Agrifilm)Lining of Water Harvesting Pond with safety mechanism on Hillslopes

2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

Technology for water harvesting in upper reaches of hillslope using LDPE film lined tanks with safety mechanism against damage due to seepage water pressure in hilly slopes has been standardized for Himalayan hills.

After the pond is dug as per the design, pond bed and sides have to be made weed and stone free. Steps at 50 cm vertical interval to be made on sides of the pond to hold the agrifilm at its place. On top of the sides, continuous trench of 50×50 cm to be dug for the purpose of anchoring the agrifilm to prevent it from sliding down. After the sides and bed are dressed properly, 10cm thick layer of sieved sand is spread uniformly on bed and sides to provide cushion to the agrifilm. After that, plastic is laid properly in the pond. LDPE agrifilm of 250 µ was used for lining. For joining, bitumen of 85/25 and 80/100 grade in the ratio of 2:1 to be used. Over agrifilm, soil cover of 30 cm need to be provided.

3.

Performance results

Study of storage behaviour of the pond revealed that seepage loss from agrifilm lined pond was reduced from 55 to 2.9 L/m2/day i.e. by 94.7%. Success was achieved in harvesting rainwater at upper reaches of the hillslope by following above procedure.

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

The cost of water storage was worked as Rs 29.00 per m3 with boulder pitching and Rs. 49.00 per m3 with brick lining on all four sides of pond over the agrifilm. The Benefit: Cost ratio for water harvesting and recycling through sprinkler system for winter season vegetable production was found to be 2.7.

5.

Photograph(s)

 

Fig
Fig
Fig

6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr. Bira Sethy

ICAR-ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya- 793 103Ph. No.: 0364 2570276Fax: 0364 2570213

Email petagri0503umiam@gmail.com

Sl No.

Item

Details

1.

Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)

Motorized pipe bending machine for use in the construction of walk-in-tunnel type polyhouses.

2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

Bending is a cold working process involving the plastic deformation in which the total surface area remains constant. Bending of Pipe involves practices and theories of the simple supported beams. In bending, flow of material occurs in plastic range, and there is a permanent change in shape .Thinning of outer wall of a bent tube or other hollow section or thickening of the inner of the wall of the bend are noticeable effects of plastic flow. The neutral axis also gets displaced. It is observed that bent material tends to recover elastically when the deformation force is removed. This spring back effect can be overcome by bending the material a few degrees more than the desired angle.

There are various techniques of bending; roll bending technique is being utilized for present application. Roll bending operation is performed when long pipes are to be bent.

3.

Performance results

Present Motorized Pipe Bending Machine bends at the rate of one pipe (20 feet length) per minute. In average 17 pipes are used in the construction of one walk-in-tunnel type polyhouse. Therefore two labours are sufficient to construct one polyhouse per day. In contrast, by hand operated pipe bending machine at least 30-40 minutes were required by 3-4 labours to bend one pipe. Therefore, for the construction of one polyhouse 3-4 labours were taking 15—17 days of work. Hence there is a lot saving in terms of labour and time, hence the cost involved.

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

Initial investment for the construction of the motorized type pipe bending machine is around Rs. 20,000/- and the operating cost rests mainly in the labour and electrical power consumed with weekly maintenance of the machine (wear and tear).

5.

Photograph(s)

DSC00768

6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Rohitashw Kumar

Professor, College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology

SKUAST- Kashmir

Srinagar (J&K)-190025

phone no +919419005201

Email : petskuastk@gmail.com

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Details

1.

Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)

Low cost designs of the walk-in-tunnel type Polyhouses (size: 17.5m x 3.8m x 2.2m) for Strawberry Cultivation.

2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

Low cost polyhouses (dimension 17.5 m x 3.8 m x 2.2 m) were made with locally market available G. I. pipe and glazing material (U-V stabilized rigidex sheet 200 micron).The treatment combination of black mulch with 70% recommended dose of water soluble fertilizer (WSF) in 8 split was found to be best as per the statistical analysis undertaken.The use of polyhouse with drip irrigation system and fertigation resulted in 158 % increase in average yield of strawberry as compared to outside conditions. Average yield per plant inside the polyhouse was 294.8 g as compared with 118.05 g in open field. Open field produced bigger fruit than the walk-in tunnel. Average fruit weight in open field was 13.80 gm, as compared with 10.25 gm in walk-in tunnel. The largest fruit in open field was 45 gm, while 40 gm in walk-in tunnel.

3

Performance results

The performance of the strawberry crop was found to be best in terms of yield, quality with the plasticulture usages. Also it is environmentally safe and sustainable over a considerable span of time.

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

The total cost of polyhouse construction worked out to be Rs. 684/m2. The benefit cost ratio is 1.19 with payback period of 6 years on initial investment which is economically viable.

5.

Photograph(s)

Photo not available

6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Rohitashw Kumar

Professor, College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology

SKUAST- Kashmir

Srinagar (J&K)-190025

phone no +919419005201

Email : petskuastk@gmail.com

Sl. No.

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Details

1.

Name of technology(machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)

Modified/improved design of net house

2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

Size: 500 m2 (62.5m x 8m) net house;

·  Material used: B class GI pipes of 0.5, 0.75 and 1.0 inch diameters, net of 40 mesh size, Poly grip assembly. The modified net house is assembled using clamps, specialized clips and welding work have been avoided which has helped in increasing its strength. It can be dismantle and can be put up at another place (every 3-4 years) in case of buildup of inoculum of soil borne diseases (Soil sickness, nematode etc.).

3.

Performance results

·  Stability has been increased by making the hoop as a truss and by increasing the depth of foundation.

·  The modified design of net house can withstand to wind speed up to 100 km/ hr

·  Modified Net House has been installed using various types of assemblies so that it can be dismantle and can be put up at another place  (every 3-4 years) to prevent the buildup of inoculum of soil  borne diseases (Soil sickness, nematode etc.) .

·  Poly grip assembly is used to fix the Net at the side height of the structure so that it is not blown away by the strong wind.

·  The same assembly can be used for fixing of the poly sheet during winter period and shade net during the summer          period.

·  Vertical stitching of the net is recommended instead of horizontal one. This reduces extra pressure on stitched section & avoids tearing of net.

·  Seven newly designed net houses were installed at farmers’ fields.  Their economic evaluation was carried out and the benefit cost ratio varied from 1:1.5 to 1:1.8.

·  The technology has been recommended by the State Govt. the Punjab farmers.

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

The cost of the net house ( 500 m2)  is Rs. 1,80,000 an average life of frame structure and net is 25  and 3 years respectively

5.

Photograph(s)

6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr.K.G. Singh 
Senior Research Engineer cum Principal Investigator

Plasticulture Engineering and Technology

Department of Soil and Water Engineering

Punjab Agricultural University, 

Ludhiana Mobile 09779514520

Email : pauldh.pet@gmail.com

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Details

1.

Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)

Modified Design of poly house 

2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

Size: 200 m2 (25m x 8m) Poly house;

·   Material used: B class GI pipes of 0.5, 0.75 and 1.0 inch diameters, UV stabilized 200 micron plastic sheet, Poly grip assembly. Design refinement of poly house has been made to use it round the year especially during summer season.

3.

Performance results

In a composite type of climate like in Punjab, in the month of March the ambient air temperature rises above 30°C due to which inside air temperature of a closed polyhouse exceeds 38°C. Continuous side ventilators along the south and north wall up to 2m height, inside air temperature drops significantly. However, in the month of April, when the outside air temperature exceeds 33-35°C, natural ventilation through the side ventilators only becomes less effective.  From this month onwards, roof top ventilators (window type) of 1m × 1m on each side of the roof at the centre. Optimum distance (gap) between the two ventilators should be 3m for a 3m high greenhouse. In the months of May and June when the outside air temperature exceeds 38-40°C, The entry of this unwanted high radiation (or light) can be controlled by the use of 50 % shading net. The use of shade net works very well if evaporative cooling method using foggers is also used during these hot and dry months of May and June. This arrangement can lower the inside air temperature by 5-6°C below the ambient air temperature. However, care should be taken to avoid high humidity insides the poly house above 70 %.

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

The cost of the poly house ( 200 m2)  is Rs. 1,00,000 an average life of frame structure and UV stabilized plastic sheet  is 25  and 3 years respectively

5.

Photograph(s)

6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr.K.G. Singh 
Senior Research Engineer cum Principal Investigator

Plasticulture Engineering and Technology

Department of Soil and Water Engineering

Punjab Agricultural University, 

Ludhiana 

Mobile 09779514520

Email : pauldh.pet@gmail.com

Sl. No.

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Details

1.

Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)

Soil less cultivation of high value crops in semi-arid region

2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

Polyhouse used naturally ventilated type

1.Double arc type = 560m2 (20 m x18 m)

2. Modified designed semi arc = 200 m2 (25m x 8m)

Standard Coco peat slab used contain two plant per slab

Inline drippers/ micro tube 2 lph

Black weed mat & 2 % slope for drainage to collect leachate in outside installed tanks of 2000 lit

3.

Performance results

Soil less cultivation of cucumber under naturally ventilated polyhouse, The results showed that among three levels of fertigation (70, 85 and 100 percent), fruit yield of 85 and 100 percent treatments were statistically at par and were significantly higher than 70 percent fertilizer dose. Among the cucumber hybrids/varieties Multistar variety (180 tonne per ha) gave the highest yield which was statistically at par with Kafka variety but significantly superior than all other varieties PBRK4 (PAU), PBRK 3 (PAU) and Falconstar.

Soil less cultivation of tomato under naturally ventilated polyhouse, Yield of 160 tonne per ha for tomato was obtained. The results showed that among the different tomato cultivars viz. Punjab Sartaj, Himshikhar (Syngenta) and NS 4266 (Namdhari Seeds), NS-4266 an indeterminate Tomato hybrid is performing best, with yield of 5.4 Kg/Plant. Fertigation dose up to 85% of the dose recommended for climate controlled polyhouse is optimum for tomato production in soilless media as further increase in fertigation dose did not result significant increase in the yield.

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

 

5.

Photograph(s)

6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr.K.G. Singh 
Senior Research Engineer cum Principal Investigator

Plasticulture Engineering and Technology

Department of Soil and Water Engineering

Punjab Agricultural University, 

Ludhiana 

Mobile 09779514520

Email : pauldh.pet@gmail.com

 

Modified atmosphere packaging (map) for sapota and mango

Uniformly matured fresh sapota fr

uits were precooled at 10°C for 1 h and pretreated with 200 ppm benomyl for 5 min. The fruits were packed in 25 µm and 40 µm LDPE bags with 5 % O2 +5 % CO2 and 5 % O2 +10 % CO2 gas concentration and stored at 6 ± 1°C and 11 ± 1°C temperature. Results revealed that sapota fruit was stored up to 35 days at 110C in 25 µm LDPE bags and fruits ripened within the package during storage. It was concluded that the shelf life of sapota fruit could be increased up to 49 days by packaging in 25 μm LDPE bags with gas concentration 5 % O2 + 10 % CO2 and stored at 6°C  with additional three days to become fully ripe under ambient conditions. Fruits packed in 40 µm LDPE bags did not ripen properly at both the storage temperature.

Cost economy: Total cost of packaging of sapota per kg was estimated to be Rs. 4.25 with net profit 8.75Rs./kg and benefit-cost ratio 1.54

Freshly harvested and uniformly matured hard mango fruits cv Kesar were pretreated with hot water solution (50±2 0C) of plant based fungicide (5000 ppm) for five min. The fruits were treated with active MAP with two levels of O2 concentration (3 % and 6%), two levels of CO2 concentration (5% and 10%) with balance N2 packed in 25 µm thickness of LDPE bags and stored at temperature (10 ± 1 °C and 15 ± 1 °C).The fruits stored at room temperature without packaging was considered as control. The fruits were analyzed at weekly intervals for physical, biochemical and sensory characteristics. The shelf life of mango increased up to only 21 days by packing in 25 µm LDPE bag at 150 C storage temperature at all gas combinations. Results revealed that mango fruit could be stored up to 35 days by packing in 25 µm LDPE bag at 6 % O2 + 5 % CO2 gas concentration  and  100C storage temperature with highest score of physico-chemical and sensory characteristics within permissible limit of microbial parameters. Sensory characteristics of mango fruit were not found significant for all the treatments up to 21 days of storage. Cost economy: Total cost of packaging of mango per kg was estimated to be Rs. 5.03 with net profit 14.97 Rs./kg and benefit-cost ratio 1.60

Specifications:

Capacity

:    NA

Weight

:    NA

Dimensions

:    6%O2 + 5%CO2 gas concentration  at 100C storage (mango)

     5%O2 + 10%CO2 gas concentration  at  60C storage (sapota)

Material of Make

:   25µ LDPE bag

Current cost of one unit

:   Rs. 5.03/kg (mango)

Rs. 4.25/kg (sapota)

For further information please contact:

Dr. R. M. Satasia, Research Engineer, AICRP on PET,

Department of RE & RE, CAET,

JAU, Junagadh – 362 001 (Gujarat), India

Phone:0285-2672080 – 90 Ext 393,

Email : apajnd@jau.in

Photographs:

 

Sl. No.

Item

Details

1.

Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)

Package of practises for bunch type groundnut cultivation in summer season in Saurashtra region

2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

Silver on black plastic mulch 20 µm

Drip irrigation standared make

3.

Performance results

Maximum crop parameters viz., plant height (41.63 cm),  numbers of pod and weight of pod per plant (25.38 number and 54.5 gm), pod yield and haulm yield (3469.63 kg/ha and 6876.09 kg/ha) were found for silver black plastic mulch and minimum was found in control. Minimum weed intensity (12.25 no./sq. m) was observed in silver black plastic mulch. Water saving over control was found 41.24 % under mulch condition. Maximum water use efficiency (6.77 kg/ha-mm) was found under silver black plastic mulch while it was minimum (1.74 kg/ha-mm) in control. The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic Zone are advised to use silver black plastic mulch (20 µm) with drip irrigation and raised bed for water saving and to achieve higher crop production of bunch type groundnut in summer season.

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

 

5.

Photograph(s)

6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr. R. M. Satasia, Research Engineer, AICRP on PET,

Department of RE & RE, CAET,

JAU, Junagadh – 362 001 (Gujarat), India

Phone:0285-2672080 – 90 Ext 393,

Email : apajnd@jau.in

Sl. No.

Item

Details

1.

Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)

Package of practises for tomato cultivation under colur mulch for saurashtra region

2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

black/black, red/black, yellow/black, white/black and silver/black mulch 20 µm

Drip irrigation standared make

3.

Performance results

An experiment was carried out with different coloured plastic mulches viz., black/black, red/black, yellow/black, white/black and silver/black and control for cultivation of tomato crop. Maximum soil temperature was recorded in black plastic mulch followed by red plastic mulch. Maximum soil moisture was observed in silver plastic mulch and minimum was found in black plastic mulch. However, soil temperature and soil moisture was observed less in control than plastic mulches. Maximum crop parameters viz., plant height (103.1 cm), no. of branches/plant (22.0), no. of fruits/plant (53.5) and weight of fruits/plant (3.9 kg) were observed in red plastic mulch followed by silver plastic mulch. The plastic mulches resulted in an 88-92% reduction in weed intensity as compared to control. Minimum No. of thrips, no. of whitefly and leaf curl incidence was observed 1.4, 2.2, and 0.9 %, respectively in silver plastic mulch while early blight severity was observed minimum in red plastic mulch (4.3 %). Yield of the tomato crop (85.6 t/ha) was found maximum in red plastic mulch followed by silver mulch (78.8 t/ha). Minimum yield of tomato was found in control (55.2 t/ha).

Recommendation:

The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic Zone are recommended to adopt red/black or silver/black plastic mulch (20 µm) with drip irrigation and raised bed for cultivation of tomato during rabi season. This plastic mulch diminishes the infestation of insects/pests and diseases in the crop, controls weeds and results higher crop yield and income.

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

Maximum net profit was estimated to be 505947 Rs/ha in red/black plastic mulch with B:C ratio 6.43 followed by silver/black plastic mulch (458347 Rs/ha).

5.

Photograph(s)

DSCN4410

DSCN7737

6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr. R. M. Satasia, Research Engineer, AICRP on PET,

Department of RE & RE, CAET,

JAU, Junagadh – 362 001 (Gujarat), India

Phone:0285-2672080 – 90 Ext 393,

Email : apajnd@jau.in

Sl. No.

Item

Details

1.

Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)

Off-season seedling raising of Papaya in protected structure in semi arid region

2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

Different types of structures:

Poly-cum-shade net house covered with 200 micron UVS plastic and 50% green shade net

Naturally ventilated walk-in-type tunnel covered with 200 micron UVS plastic

Black shade net house covered with the 50% black shade net Polythene bag of 40 micron having dimension of 5 cm × 20 cm. for  sowing of Taiwan papaya seeds was done

Climatic parameters like temperature, RH and light intensity were recorded at 3 h interval (9:00, 12:00, 15:00 and 18:00).

3.

Performance results

·      Maximum weekly average temperature (34.1 0C) and minimum weekly average temperature (26.6 0C) was recorded in walk-in-type tunnel and black shadenet house respectively. Maximum weekly average relative humidity (46.2 %) and minimum weekly average relative humidity (21.6 %) was recorded in walk-in-type tunnel and open field condition respectively.  Maximum weekly average light intensity (49010 lux) and minimum weekly average light intensity (14890 lux) was recorded in walk-in-type tunnel and black shadenet house respectively.  Morphological observations of papaya seedlings viz., seedling height (34.8 cm), collar diameter (5.5 mm), number of leaves per plant (13.6), tap root length (21.1 cm) and germination percentage (93.9 %) were observed highest in poly-cum-shadenet house followed by walk-in-type tunnel. Quality parameters of papaya seedlings viz., vigour index (3266) and sturdiness (83.5) were observed highest in poly-cum-shadenet house and black shadenet house respectively.

Recommendation:

The farmers of South Saurashtra Agro climatic Zone interested to raise papaya seedling in protected structure are advised to use poly-cum-shadenet house covered with 50% white shade net on periphery and roof covered with 200 micron UVS polyethylene sheet for off-season papaya seedling raising

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

·      Benefit cost ratio for papaya seedling raising in different types of the structures was more or less same ie 4.13 to 4.84.

5.

Photograph(s)

DSCN6648

 

Poly cum shade net house,Walk-in type tunnel, Black shadenet house                                              

6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr. R. M. Satasia, Research Engineer, AICRP on PET,

Department of RE & RE, CAET,

JAU, Junagadh – 362 001 (Gujarat), India

Phone:0285-2672080 – 90 Ext 393,

Email : apajnd@jau.in

Sl. No.

Item

Details

1.

Name of technology (machines/ device/ process/ agro-technique)

Standardization of Okra in off-season under designed and developed net-cum-polyhouse in Saurashtra region

2.

Specifications

and salient technical features

·      Two types of GI pipe framed structures la) Poly-cum-shade net house with ridge vent and b) Poly-cum-shade net house without ridge vent

·      Floor area : 12.0m x 6.0 m

·      shade net : 50 %

·      black and silver plastic mulch

3.

Performance results

Performance of Hybrid variety (GJO-H4) developed by the University was evaluated inside structure. Internode length (18.75 cm), number of fruits/plant (38), weight of fruits/plant (416.50 gm) and fruit yield (22.4 tonne/ha) were found significantly higher inside the net-cum-polyhouse without ridge vent with silver black plastic. Weed intensity at 30 DAS (8.50 number/sqm), 60 DAS (8.25 number/sqm) and 90 DAS (6.50 number/sqm) was found significantly lower inside the net-cum-polyhouse without ridge vent with silver black plastic as compared to no mulch in open field. Water saving was the highest (28.75%) for mulch conditions inside the structures while under mulch condition in open water saving was 13.78% as compared to no mulch in open condition. Maximum water use efficiency (71.58 kg/ha-mm) was found under silver black plastic mulch inside the Net-cum-polyhouse without ridge vent while it was minimum (0.54 kg/ha-mm) in no mulch condition in open field environment.

4.

Cost

(initial investment /operating cost)

Maximum net profit of Rs. 8 lakh per ha could be obtained for off-season okra cultivation inside the net-cum-polyhouse without ridge vent under silver black plastic mulch with B: C ratio of 2.61

5.

Photograph(s)

DSCN6890 DSCN6889 C:\Users\smart\Pictures\2017-01\OKRA\6. DSCN7661.JPG

6.

Contact person

From whom technology/ expertise/ further details can be obtained

Dr. R. M. Satasia, Research Engineer, AICRP on PET,

Department of RE & RE, CAET,

JAU, Junagadh – 362 001 (Gujarat), India

Phone:0285-2672080 – 90 Ext 393,

Email : apajnd@jau.in

Energy efficient greenhouse cooling strategy for hot and humid climate

In this study, reduction in greenhouse air temperature, cooling efficiency and energy savings for different cooling methods such as natural ventilation, fogging and natural ventilation, fogging and fan ventilation and fan and pad cooling for clear covering and white wash (50 % reduction in solar radiation) on covering have been studied for gothic arch type greenhouse of 12.20 x 4.90 sq. m size floor area covered with 200 micron transparent UVS polyethylene sheet during January to May months and results were compared with no ventilation system (control) . The hourly average monthly temperature profile study revealed that in case of clear glazing, natural ventilation helped to reduce inside greenhouse air temperature 4.9 °C to 8.2°C, 3.2 °C to 7.9 °C, 3.0 °C to 10.35 °C, 2.85°C to 7.35°C, 3.97 °C to 5.5 °C during first five months respectively as compared to no ventilation. However, the inside air temperature was remained 5.3°C to 9.5°C higher than ambient air temperature. The whitewash on plastic covering with natural ventilation helped to reduce further 1.75 °C to 4.5°C inside air temperature during the above months. The fogging plus natural ventilation with white wash may help to bring down the inside air temperature very nearer to ambient air temperature. The fogging plus forced ventilation (fan) with white wash helped to reduce the temperature in cultivation range i.e. 24 °C – 28 °C while fan- pad with whitewash treatments gave perfectly productive temperature range i.e. 19 °C to 24 °C. The whitewash helped to improve 29.1 % to 86.57 % cooling efficiency and reduced 10 to 15 % energy load for different treatments as compared to clear glazing during day time.

Specifications:

Capacity

:    59.78 sq. m

Weight

:    NA

Dimensions

:    Length 12.20m; Width 4.90m Height 3.15m

Material of Make

:    GI pipe Polyhouse structure; 200µ transparent UVS polye sheet

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 50813/-

For further information please contact:

Dr. R. M. Satasia, Research Engineer, AICRP on PET,

Department of RE & RE, CAET,

JAU, Junagadh – 362 001 (Gujarat), India

Phone:0285-2672080 – 90 Ext 393,

Email : apajnd@jau.in

Photographs:

 

Portable manual mulch laying machine for hill terraces

The portable manual mulch laying machine was fabricated at the AICRP-PET’s CAEPHT, Ranipool Centre in 2014. The two furrow openers made up of MS flat were attached to the machine for soil inversion on plastic mulch sheet from two ends along its length. A plastic sheet roll carrier and a handle for manual pulling of the machine are other important machine attachments. In its testing inside the polyhouse, it was observed that the soil inversion was satisfactory and sufficient soil was turned on to the plastic mulch sheet, besides a very good unrolling and laying of the plastic mulch sheet.

Specifications:

Capacity

:    802.56 m2/hour/person

Weight

:    NA

Dimensions

:    Length 1.75m; Width 1.40m

Material of Make

:    Mild steel

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 2500/-

For further information please contact:

Dr. S. R. Yadav, Asist. Prof. and PI, AICRP on PET,

College of Agricultural Engineering Post Harvest Technology, CAU,

Ranipool, Gangtok -737135 (Sikkim)

Mb. No.: 9046547711 Ph. No.: 03592-251390

E-mail: apa.caepht@gmail.com

Photographs:

DSC_0041 DSC_0050 

Round the year production of vegetables and high value flowers in low cost polyhouses

The experiment was replicated twice (during 2010-11 and 2011-12) to finalise and validate the results. In the study, it was observed that three crops could be taken within a span of 13 months within the polyhouse. Among the studied spacings, the closer spacings for broccoli (30 ᵡ 30 cm) and brinjal (45 ᵡ 60 cm) were observed to give the highest yields of 3.17 kg/m2 and 3.01 kg/m2, respectively. Water use efficiency in terms of yield per unit volume of irrigation water for the best suited spacings of brinjal and broccoli were observed to be 66 and 90 kg/ha-mm of applied water, respectively. This implies that 150 litres and 110 litres of water have been used to produce 1 kg each of brinjal and broccoli, respectively. The economics of vegetable cultivation in polyhouse was worked out to be beneficial with annual net return of Rs. 244 per m2 area. A major percentage (85 %) of the cost of construction of the poly house (Rs. 287 per m2) can therefore be recovered within one year. With the same size of NVP for round the year cultivation of vegetables the cultivation of gerbera at spacing of 30 x 30 cm showed the highest net return of ` 191 per m2 of poly house space in one season. Additional net income of ` 10/- per m2 was also accrued by planting bulbs of gladiolus along the borders of the gerbera plot. Major percentage (70 %) of the total cost of construction of the poly house (` 274/- per m2) can therefore be recovered within one year. Thus, the cultivation of vegetables gave 15 % more returns as compared to that of flowers.

Specifications:

Capacity

:    100.00 Sq. m

Weight

:    NA

Dimensions

:    Length 18.00m; Width 4.50m, Height 3.00m

Material of Make

:    Bamboo frame/ structure covered with 120 gsm UV stabilized

     LDPE film as cover

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 26000/-

For further information please contact:

Dr. D. Jhajaria PI, AICRP on PET,

College of Agricultural Engineering Post Harvest Technology, CAU,

Ranipool, Gangtok -737135 (Sikkim)

E-mail: apa.caepht@gmail.com

Photographs:

IMG_0998 PC240137 

Low Cost Bamboo Frame Polyhouse Technology for Terraced Beds in Hills

Low Cost Bamboo Frame Polyhouse Technology for Terraced Beds in Hills was developed by ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam.  Concept of low-cost structure is conceived to make it affordable to small and marginal farmers for cultivating high-valued crops. As the bamboo is locally available in plenty, it is used to make the frame of the structure. A bamboo framed low cost green house was designed and developed at Umiam and the structure was replicated in the farmers’ field at two places. The structure is made in terraced land with vertical interval of 0.8 m between two consecutive terraces. The basic structure is made by using the net of split bamboos with a grid of 9 x 12 inch. The roof of the polyhouse is made in the form of two hemispheres (one hemisphere to cover width of one terrace) in such a manner that height of the roof from ground remains constant for each terrace. The covering is provided by UV stabilized LDPE film of 200 m thicknesses. The nylon rope is wrapped over the roof covering to resist the blowing action of high speed wind. The provision for natural ventilation to avoid excessive heating is kept by providing two openings of the size 1.0 x 2.0 m each in each side of the two opposite sides of polyhouse. The technology was successfully replicated and found suitable for hilly region. The cost of construction of low-cost polyhouse was worked out as Rs 325 per m2 of floor area with 5-6 years of life.  Out of four cropping sequence tried in the polyhouse, capsicum-tomato-carrot-lettuce fetched highest return of Rs. 297.89 /m2 of land. B: C ratio of the whole production system was worked out as 1.6.

Specifications:

Capacity

:    147.13 Sq. m

Weight

:    NA

Dimensions

:    Length16.15m, Width 9.10 m, Height 3.35 m

Material of Make

:    Bamboo frames  and UV stabilized LDPE film

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 48000/-

For further information please contact:

Dr.B.K.Sethy, Sr. Scientist and PI, AICRP on PET,

Division of Agril. Engg.,

ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region,

Umiam, Umroiroad, Meghalaya-793103,

Ph: 0364-2570276, E-mail: petagri0503umiam@gmail.com

Photographs:

Plastic (Agrifilm ) Lining of Water Harvesting Pond with safety mechanism on Hillslopes

Plastic (Agrifilm ) Lining of Water Harvesting Pond with safety mechanism on Hillslopes technology was developed by ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam. LDPE agrifilm of 250 µ is used for lining. Utmost care is taken in joining the agrifilm to suit the shape and size of the pond. For joining, bitumen of 85/25 and 80/100 grade in the ratio of 2:1 is used. While laying too much stretching or tightness of the agrifilm is avoided, particularly on sides. Over agrifilm, soil cover of 30 cm is provided. Then stone pitching is done on sides only to safeguard the sides of the pond against erosion and any other external forces.Now the water in the pond remains throughout the dry period. For 260 m3 of pond, the total cost involved is Rs 1, 75,000/  for a life of 15 years. Seepage loss from agrifilm lined pond is reduced from 55 (unlined) to 2.9 L/m2/day i.e. by 94.7%. Small agrifilm lined water harvesting ponds of capacity 15 – 20 m3 are successfully constructed in the farmer’s filed at upper reaches of the hill slope to utilize the harvested rainwater for irrigating homestead gardens by gravity flow and to meet the water requirement for poultry, pig or cattle in the dry season.

Specifications:

Capacity

:    260m cu. m

Weight

:    NA

Dimensions

:    Length 13.00 m, Width 10.00 m, Depth 2.00 m

Material of Make

:    LDPE Agrifilm of 250 µ and perforated plastic pipes

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 175000/-

For further information please contact:

Dr.B.K.Sethy, Sr. Scientist and PI, AICRP on PET,

Division of Agril. Engg.,

ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region,

Umiam, Umroiroad, Meghalaya-793103,

Ph: 0364-2570276, E-mail: petagri0503umiam@gmail.com

Photographs:

Plastic Maize Sheller

Plastic Maize Sheller was developed by ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam.  Maize is the second largest cereal crop in the north eastern region. It is cultivated in 0.15 mha area accounting 60% of the cultivated area of the region. The total production of the crop is 2.5 lakh tons with productivity of 1.66 tons/ha. Among the various operations performed in the maize crop, the shelling operation requires very high amount of energy and labour. The tubular and octagonal iron maize Shellers were developed by the ICAR and were popularized among the farmers in the region.  After using the developed maize Sheller farmers came with feedback that they got exhausted after 15(Women)-30(Men) minutes and need break for 15-20 minutes due to more weight of iron maize Sheller. They suggested for reducing the weight for more time of operation of maize Sheller. Apart from this, it was felt that the region with highest annual rainfall has conducive environment for rusting of parts made of iron. Therefore, parts made up of plastics have an additional advantage of longer life and requires less maintenance. Keeping in view, the existing tubular maize Sheller has been modified by replacing the outer cover by using the plastic equivalent using 60 mm inner diameter PVC pipe. It saves 66% labour and operating time and 70% cost of operation. The cost of modified maize sheller is Rs.85/ Unit. The modified maize sheller was tested and recommended for maize shelling in the region.

Specifications:

Capacity

:    30 kg/hr

Weight

:    90 g

Dimensions

:    Length70 mm, Inner diameter 60 mm, thickness 2 mm

Material of Make

:    PVC pipe  and GI fins

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 85/-

For further information please contact:

Dr.B.K.Sethy, Sr. Scientist and PI, AICRP on PET,

Division of Agril. Engg.,

ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region,

Umiam, Umroiroad, Meghalaya-793103,

Ph: 0364-2570276, E-mail: petagri0503umiam@gmail.com

Photographs:

VL Paddy Thresher with plastics components

In hills the threshing of paddy is conventionally done manually (either by beating out the grains with sticks or by rubbing out under the feet) which often is time and labour intensive. The beating method of paddy threshing leads to grain loss due to shattering.  A light weight VL Paddy thresher with plastic components was designed and developed for entire Himalayan Region, where the drudgery caused by the weight of the machine is a major concern. To overcome this problem, GI sheet was replaced by polycarbonate sheet of 1 mm thickness. Earlier transportation of the machine was the major hindrance for its use in the hilly region due to its weight. The machine appears to be less noise producing during operation as compared to the metal body. It also reduces the probability of injury hazards during operation. Since the sharp edge of metal body may cause injury during transportation and operation. The plastic body has another advantage of being rust proof. The machine is manually operated by single man. This thresher has got overwhelming response among the hill farmers. The thresher is being commercially fabricated through a private workshop (M/s Gopal Engineering, Makeri, Dharanaula, Almora, (Uttarakhand).  Feed-back received from most of the users indicated high degree of appreciation of this machine.

Specifications:

Capacity

:    80-100 kg/h

Weight

:    32 kg

Dimensions

:    Length 1030 mm, width 630 mm, height 975 mm

Material of Make

:    Mild Steel and polycarbonate sheet

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 6000/-

For further information please contact:

Dr. Sher Singh, Sr. Scientist and PI, AICRP on PET,

ICAR-Vivekananda ParvatiyaKrishiAnusandhanSansthan,

Almora-263601, Uttarakhand

Phone 05962-241005 ext. 306, 9456158263

E-mail: pet.vpkas@gmail.com

Photographs:

 

 
      

Small hand tools and implements with plastics segments for hill agriculture (kutla, khurpi, hand fork, sickle, line maker, hand hoe, garden rake)

Iron handles of kutla, khurpi, hand fork and sickle were coated with plastic grip at one point while handles of line maker, hand hoe and garden rake at two points. This intervention resulted into provision of better grip, maneuverability (iron handles become chilled in winters), better life and high capacity.These small tools being commercially fabricated through the following private workshops:

1.      Himalayan HightechNersery, 89, Subhashnagar, Haldwani, Uttarakhand

2.      SSK Traders, Dharanaula, Almora, Uttarakhand

3.      Syahi Devi VikasSamiti, PO Sheetlakhet, District Almora, Uttarakhand

4.      Kishan Lal Tamta Memorial KrishiYantraUtpadan Shala, Simli, District Chamoli, Uttarakhand

Specifications:

Kutla:

Capacity

:    27.77 sq m /h

Weight

:    500 g

Dimensions

:    Length 310mm, diameter (handle) 21mm, width 30mm,    

     height 135mm,   thickness 6mm

Material of Make

:    Mild Steel and Rubber

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 90/-

Khurpi:

Capacity

:    21.42 sq m /h

Weight

:    400 g

Dimensions

:    Length 330mm, diameter (handle) 34mm, width 82mm,

     thickness 3.5mm

Material of Make

:    Mild Steel and Rubber

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 80/-

Hand fork:

Capacity

:    33 sq m /h

Weight

:    275 g

Dimensions

:    Length 375 mm, diameter (handle) 19 mm,

     Diameter (forks) 6 mm, width 55 mm

Material of Make

:    Mild Steel and Rubber

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 100/-

Sickle

Capacity

:    21.42 sq m /h

Weight

:    250 g

Dimensions

:    Length 330 mm, diameter (handle) 29.5 mm, width 26 mm

     thickness 5 mm

Material of Make

:    Mild Steel and Rubber

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 80/-

Line maker

Capacity

:    1000 sq m /h

Weight

:     3250 g

Dimensions

:    Length 1750 mm, diameter (handle) 22 mm,

     diameter(sq pipe) 25mm, width 500mm, thickness2mm

Material of Make

:    Mild Steel and Rubber

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 350/-

Hand hoe

Capacity

:    46.87 sq m /h

Weight

:     2225 g

Dimensions

:    Length 1300 mm, diameter (handle) 22 mm,

     diameter (sq. pipe) 10 mm, width 170 mm

Material of Make

:    Mild Steel and Rubber

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs.180/-

Garden rake

Capacity

:    83.33 sq m /h

Weight

:     325 g

Dimensions

:    Length 1030 mm, diameter (handle) 22 mm,

     diameter (rod) 19 mm, width 280 mm

Material of Make

:    Mild Steel and Rubber

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs.200/-

For further information please contact:

Dr. Sher Singh, Sr. Scientist and PI, AICRP on PET,

ICAR-Vivekananda ParvatiyaKrishiAnusandhanSansthan,

Almora-263601, Uttarakhand

Phone 05962-241005 ext. 306, 9456158263

E-mail: pet.vpkas@gmail.com

Photographs:

Kutla

D:\DCSAHOO\Photo\Machines and small tools\DSC02184.JPG

Khurpi

Hand fork

Sickle

D:\DCSAHOO\Photo\Machines and small tools\DSC02180.JPG

Line Maker

Hand Hoe

D:\DCSAHOO\Photo\Machines and small tools\DSC02179.JPG

Garden Rake

D:\DCSAHOO\Photo\Machines and small tools\DSC02175.JPG

AICRP on Plasticulture Engineering and Technology

Technology No. – 28

Manual mulch laying cum retival machine for hills

The machine (50 kg weight) performs multiple operations in a single run (mulch laying, drip line laying and marking for sowing/planting). Plastic mulch of less than the standard width of 1.2 m width can also be layed with it’s the adjustable nature of frame as per the need of farmer.   Facility of laying inline drip pipe/tape beneath the plastic mulch has also been provided in the machine.  It also marks/punches small holes on the layed plastic mulch and the marking can be done as per spacing (row to row and plant to plant) of required for a crop. 

Specifications:

Capacity

:    0.29 ha/h

Weight

:    50 kg

Dimensions

:    2.00 m × 1.70 m ×1.00 m

Material of Make

:    MS, plastics

Draft req and operation

:    32 kg & manual

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 20000/-

For further information please contact:

Dr. Sher Singh, Sr. Scientist and PI, AICRP on PET,

ICAR-Vivekananda ParvatiyaKrishiAnusandhanSansthan,

Almora-263601, Uttarakhand

Phone 05962-241005 ext. 306, 9456158263

E-mail: pet.vpkas@gmail.com

Photographs:

  

Manual mulch laying cum retival machine for hills

The machine (50 kg weight) performs multiple operations in a single run (mulch laying, drip line laying and marking for sowing/planting). Plastic mulch of less than the standard width of 1.2 m width can also be layed with it’s the adjustable nature of frame as per the need of farmer.   Facility of laying inline drip pipe/tape beneath the plastic mulch has also been provided in the machine.  It also marks/punches small holes on the layed plastic mulch and the marking can be done as per spacing (row to row and plant to plant) of required for a crop. 

Specifications:

Capacity

:    0.29 ha/h

Weight

:    50 kg

Dimensions

:    2.00 m × 1.70 m ×1.00 m

Material of Make

:    MS, plastics

Draft req and operation

:    32 kg & manual

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 20000/-

For further information please contact:

Dr. Sher Singh, Sr. Scientist and PI, AICRP on PET,

ICAR-Vivekananda ParvatiyaKrishiAnusandhanSansthan,

Almora-263601, Uttarakhand

Phone 05962-241005 ext. 306, 9456158263

E-mail: pet.vpkas@gmail.com

Photographs:

G:\Calender photo\3 PET.JPG 20180712_Mulch_Roller (49)

Mobile fish vending machine

Hygienic fish marketing is an important issue. In order to address the issue AICRP on Plasticulture Engineering & Technology CIFA centre, Bhubaneshwar developed a “Mobile Fish Vending Trolley for Hygienic Fish Marketing”. The technology was released and dedicated to the nation by Hon’ble Union Minister for Agriculture & Framers’ Welfare, Shri Radha Mohan Singh ji on 1st April 2017. The trolley can carry 100 kg fish. The vending unit has been fabricated using Fibre Reinforced Plastics (FRP), which  reduces the weight, requires lesser draft for motion and enhances the ergonomics.The main components of the gadget is fish storage chamber, insulated ice box, water tank, and fish dressing deck with wash basin, cutting tool, waste collection chamber and tool box and working space. The carriage system was designed considering the maximum weight that a man pull on rickshaw. The gross weight of the gadget including fish, ice, water, rickshaw and other utilities is 320 kg.

Specifications:

Capacity

:    100 kg

Weight

:    320 kg

Dimensions

:    4’x2’9”x2’6”

Material of Make

:    FRP plastic

Current cost of one unit

:    Rs. 53000/-

For further information please contact:

Dr. B. C. Mohapatra, PI AICRP on PET

Tel. No. 0674-2465446  Ext.410; 09437229487 (M)

 Fax: 0674-2465407E- mail: cifapet@gmail.com

Photographs:

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