Sorghum is an important crop of resource poor, small and marginal farmers in semi-arid regions. The rainy season (kharif) sorghum grain is used both for human consumption and livestock feed and post-rainy season (rabi) produce is used primarily for human consumption in our country. Thus, it is the key for the sustenance of human and livestock population. However, the area under sorghum in India has declined drastically from 10.25 m ha in 1999-2000 to 5.82 m ha in 2014-15. The total production also declined from 8.68 m t to 5.39 m t. whereas, the productivity has increased from 847 kg /ha to 907 kg /ha during the same period mainly due to adoption of improved production technologies by the farmers.
Transfer of technology is an important area which played vital role in increasing productivity of the sorghum with the help of improved technologies. In this regard, several initiatives were taken by the institute since its inception. A frontline demonstration (FLD) on sorghum was one of them. It was initiated during 1996-97 with financial support of the Ministry of Agriculture, GOI. This programme envisages to enhance technology adoption by demonstrating the improved farm technologies directly on the farmers’ fields. During the past few years, several technologies have been demonstrated on the farmers’ fields across the sorghum growing regions in the country. Many small and marginal farmers and farmwomen were involved in this process. In this publication, we have attempted to bring out the success stories of the technology transfer efforts.
Sorghum cultivation: Success stories