Welcome to AICRP on Utilization of Animal Energy
The All India Coordinated Research Project on Increased Utilization of Animal Energy with Enhanced System Efficiency (AICRP on UAE) started in July 1987 has been functioning with 07 cooperating centres in the state(s) of Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana with its Coordination Cell at CIAE, Bhopal. Two Centres were shifted in 2000-01 from Punjab and Haryana to Orissa and Chhattisgarh and one new centre was established in Assam. Four new centres were added in the states of Haryana, Jharkhand, Maharashtra and Sikkim in the XI plan w.e.f 2009-10. Three centres have been closed from 01/04/2015. The project has its Coordinating cell located in CIAE, Bhopal. Presently, there are 09 Cooperating Centres functioning under the project.
Indian agriculture has traditionally been dependant on animal power. Despite the growth of mechanical power in the country in the form of tractors, power tillers and self propelled machinery, diesel engines and electric motors, draught animals continue to be a major source of farm power. The country has a draught animal population of 49.69 million among which bullocks constitute 47.48 million, buffalo 4.09 million and 1.12 million other important draught animals namely camel, equines, donkey, pony, horse and mule, yak and mithun (Indian Livestock census, 2012). Even with the growth of mechanical power sources, about 50% of net sown area continues to be cultivated by draught animals and are major means of goods transport in rural areas. Draught animals are environmental friendly. They feed on by products of crops and produce manure. There are approximately 15 million carts being used in the country. Draught animals are the major source of farm power for small and marginal farmers of the country who possess 85% of the operational holdings with about 25% of total area. Even if the population of tractors and power tillers is doubled, it is estimated that draught animals would still command about 26% of sown area which is approximately the total area belonging to small and marginal farmers.
Animal loading car-
It has been designed, developed and evaluated by CIAE Bhopal and is used to study draftability of draught animal i.e. bullocks, buffaloes, camel, mules etc. on test track (tar road).
CIAE has a designed a tread mill with associated instrumentation for simulated laboratories studies on draughtability, work-rest-cycle and fatigue for optimizing the work output of draught animals under varying loads, speeds, slopes and environment conditions.
Project Coordinator’s Message
Indian agriculture has traditionally been dependant on animal power. Despite the growth of mechanical power in the country in the form of tractors, power tillers and self propelled machinery, diesel engines and electric motors,