Zone specific varieties

The countries is divided into 8 agro-climatic zones . Each zone have specific climate and soil, hence requires different varieties suited to their condition. Accordingly the new varieties are developed by the coordinating centres under the ageis of AICRP (Vegetable Crops). A total of 824 varieties/ hybrids have been developed among which 496 are open pollinated, 250 are hybrids and 78 resistant varieties for several biotic and abiotic stresses. The maximum number of varieties identified for the Sub-Humid Sutlej Ganga Alluvial Plain Zone No. IV (209) which covers states of Punjab, U.P., B ihar and Jharkhand. Next to Zone IV, Zone VII with 164 identified varieties which covers states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Goa.

Table:Zone wise Varieties and Hybrids developed under AICRP –Vegetable Crops (1971- 2013)

Agro-climatic zone States O.P. Hybrids Resistant Total
I. Humid Western Himalayan Region Jammu & Kashmir (J& K ) , Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand 45 22 8 75
II. Humid Bengal – Assam Basin West Bengal and Assam 12 10 4 26
III. Humid Eastern Himalayan and Bay Islands Sikkim, Meghalaya, Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh and Andaman & Nicobar Islands 4 0 0 4
IV. Sub-Humid Sutlej Ganga Alluvial Plain Punjab, U.P., Bihar and Jharkhand 115 79 15 209
V. Sub- Humid to Humid Eastern and South Eastern Uplands Chhatisgarh, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh. 37 19 12 68
VI. Arid Western Plain Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana and Delhi 78 33 6 117
VII. Semi Arid Lava Plateau and Central High Lands Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Goa 100 51 13 164
VIII. Humid to Semi – Arid Western Ghats and Karnataka Plateau Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Pondicherry 60 20 12 92
All zones   45 16 8 69
Total   496 250 78 824